Essay About Japan

Japan

日本国
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku

Anthem: 
"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"[2][3]

Area controlled by Japan shown in green—claimed, but uncontrolled shown in light green

Capital
and largest city
Tokyo[4]
35°41′N139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E / 35.683; 139.767
Official languagesNone[5]
Recognised regional languages
National languageJapanese[5]
Ethnic groups(2011[7])
Religion
DemonymJapanese
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy

• Emperor

Akihito

• Prime Minister

Shinzō Abe

• Deputy Prime Minister

Tarō Asō
LegislatureNational Diet

• Upper house

House of Councillors

• Lower house

House of Representatives
Formation

• National Foundation Day

February 11, 660 BCE[9]

• Meiji Constitution

November 29, 1890

• Current constitution

May 3, 1947

• San Francisco
Peace Treaty

April 28, 1952
Area

• Total

377,972 km2 (145,936 sq mi)[10] (61st)

• Water (%)

0.8
Population

• 2017 census

126,672,000[11] (10th)

• Density

336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (36th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate

• Total

$5.420 trillion[12] (4th)

• Per capita

$42,860[12] (27th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate

• Total

$4.841 trillion[12] (3rd)

• Per capita

$38,281[12] (20th)
Gini (2008)37.6[13]
medium · 76th
HDI (2015) 0.903[14]
very high · 17th
CurrencyYen (¥) / En円 (JPY)
Time zoneJST(UTC+9)

• Summer (DST)

not observed (UTC+9)
Date format
  • yyyy-mm-dd
  • yyyy年m月d日
  • Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)
Drives on theleft
Calling code+81
ISO 3166 codeJP
Internet TLD.jp

Website
www.japan.go.jp

Japan (Japanese: 日本) is a country in East Asia. It is a group of many islands close to the east coast of Korea, China and Russia. The Pacific Ocean is to the east of Japan and the Sea of Japan is to the west.[15] Most people in Japan live on one of four of the islands. The biggest of these islands, Honshu, has the most people. Honshu is the 7th largest island in the world. Tokyo is the capital of Japan and its biggest city.

The Japanese people call their country "Nihon" or "Nippon",[15] which means "the origin of the Sun" in Japanese. Japan is a monarchy whose head of state is called the Emperor. [15]

History[change | change source]

Main article: History of Japan

The earliest records on Japan are from Chinese documents. One of those records said there were many small countries (in Japan) which had wars between them and later a country, ruled by a queen, became the strongest, unified others, and brought peace.

The Japanese began to write their own history after the 5th and 6th centuries, when people from Korea and China taught Japan about the Chinese writing system. Japan's neighbours also taught them Buddhism.[16] The Japanese changed Buddhism in many ways. For example, Japanese Buddhists used ideas such as Zen more than other Buddhists.[16]

In the ancient and Middle Ages, China gave Japan many new cultural ideas, but their friendship became weaker later. In the late 13th century, Mongolians from China tried to invade Japan twice, but they could not.
The samurai and shogun of Medieval Japan are similar to knights and lords in Medieval Europe.

Japan had some contact with the Europeans in the 16th century. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to visit Japan. Later, the Spanish, English and Dutch came to Japan to trade. Also, they brought Christianity. Japan's leaders welcomed them at first, but because Europeans had conquered many places in the world, the Japanese were scared they would conquer Japan too. So the Japanese did not let the Europeans come into Japan anymore, except in a small area in Nagasaki city. Many Christians were killed. Only the Chinese, Korean and Dutch people were allowed to visit Japan, in the end, and they were under careful control of the Japanese government. Japan was opened for visitors again in 1854 by Commodore Matthew Perry, when the Americans wanted to use Japanese ports for American whale boats. Perry brought steamships with guns, which scared the Japanese into making an agreement with him.[17]

This new contact with Europeans and Americans changed the Japanese culture. The Meiji Restoration of 1868 stopped some old ways and added many new ones. The Empire of Japan was created, and it became a very powerful nation and tried to invade the countries next to it. It invaded and annexedRyukyu Kingdom, Taiwan, and Korea. It had wars with China and Russia: the First Sino-Japanese War, the Boxer Rebellion, the Russo-Japanese War, and the Second Sino-Japanese War, which grew to become a part of World War II when Japan became allies with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy.

In 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, a water base of the United States, and destroyed or damaged many ships and airplanes. This started the United States' involvement in World War II. American and Japanese forces fought each other in the Pacific. Once airbases were established within range of the Japanese mainland, America began to win, and started dropping bombs on Japanese cities. America was able to bomb most of the important cities and quickly brought Japan close to defeat. To make Japan surrender, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing 150,000 Japanese citizens. Soon after this the Soviet Union began to fight against Japan, and the Japanese army in Manchuria lost. Japan surrendered and gave up all the places it took from other countries, accepting the Potsdam Proclamation. The United States occupied Japan and forced it to write a new constitution, in which it promised to never go to war again.

Geography[change | change source]

Japan is a group of islands in the Western Pacific, off the coast of China. The four biggest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and there are about 6,000 smaller islands there. Japan is separated from the Asian continent by the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea. Honshu, which means 'Mainland' in the Japanese language, is the biggest island. Hokkaido is the island north of Honshu. Kyushu is the island west of Honshu. Shikoku is the island to the south-west of Honshu.[15]

In the middle of Japan there are mountains.[15] They cover the middle of the islands and leave a very narrow strip of flat land on most coasts. Many of the mountains are extinct volcanoes, but some are still active. The highest of these mountains is the beautiful, volcano-shaped Mt Fuji (3,776 metres or 12,389 feet high). Japan has many earthquakes, in fact there are about 1500 of these every year.[15] The most recent big earthquake was in 2011 - called '2011 Tohoku Earthquake'. It caused great damage to several power plants forcing Japan to shut down all its nuclear plants. There was nuclear core meltdown which caused a serious health risk to nearby villages and cities.

90% of the people living in Japan live in just 10% of the land, near the coast. The other 10% of the people in Japan live away from the coast.

Over 10 cities have more than a million people in them. The biggest city in Japan is Tokyo, which is the capital.

Politics and government[change | change source]

For more details, see Government of Japan

The ruling party is the Liberal Democratic Party (Japan) and prime minister is Shinzo Abe.

Science and technology[change | change source]

In the past, the Japanese learned science by way of China or from Europe in the Meiji Era. However, in recent decades Japan has been a leading innovator in several fields, including chemical engineering, nanotechnology, and robotics. There are many technological companies in Japan, and these companies make products for export.

The robot Asimo was made and introduced in 2000. It was manufactured by Honda.

Society and culture[change | change source]

See also: Japanese tea ceremony, Noh, and Kabuki

Many things in Japanese culture originated in China, like Go and bonsai.

Japan's traditional food is seafood, rice, miso soup, and vegetables. Noodles and tofu are also common. Sushi, a Japanese food made of cooked rice with vinegar with other ingredients such as raw fish, is popular around the world.

The religion in Japan is mostly Shinto and Buddhist. Due to the tolerant nature of the two main Japanese religions, and the resulting intermixing mixing of the two, many Japanese identify as both Shinto and Buddhist at the same time. There are small numbers of Christians and Muslims, and a few Jews.

When it comes to popular culture, Japan is famous for making video games. Many of the biggest companies that make games, like Nintendo, Namco, and Sega, are Japanese. Other well-known parts of Japanese arts are comics, called manga, and digital animation, or anime. Many people get to know Japanese or how life in Japan is like by reading manga or watching anime on television.

Armed forces[change | change source]

For more details, see Imperial Japanese Army

Education[change | change source]

For more details, see List of national universities in Japan

Cities[change | change source]

The biggest cities in Japan are:

In Japan there are eight traditional regions:[18]

Territorial problem[change | change source]

Since Japan is an island nation, Japan has several problems over territory because maritime boundaries can be hard to protect. These days, Japan is competing for at least 4 different territories. It cannot agree with some neighbouring countries on whether the land belongs to Japan or the other country.

Public transportation[change | change source]

There are several important international airports in Japan. Narita is the major international airport in the Tokyo area. Kansai International Airport serves as the main airport for Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto. Chūbu Centrair International Airport near Nagoya is the newest of the three. Haneda Airport is close to central Tokyo and is the largest domestic airport in the country.

The Shinkansen is one of the fastest trains in the world and connects cities in Honshu and Kyushu. Networks of public and private railways are almost all over the country. People mostly travel between cities in buses.

Subdivisions[change | change source]

Main article: Prefectures of Japan

Main article: List of Provinces of Japan

Modern Japan is divided into 47 prefectures.[19] Before the Meiji period (1868-1912), the nation was divided into provinces which were consolidated in the prefectural system.

Sports[change | change source]

Main article: Sport in Japan

Japan has many traditional sports such as sumo, judo, karate, kyudo, aikido, iaido and kendo. Also, there are sports which were imported from the West such as baseball, soccer, rugby, golf and skiing.[20]

Japan has taken part in the Olympic Games since 1912. It hosted the Olympic Games in 1964, 1972 and 1998. From 1912 until now, Japanese sportspeople have won 398 medals in total.

Professional sports are also popular and many sports such as baseball (see Pacific League and Central League), soccer (see List of Japanese football teams), sumo, American football, basketball and volleyball, are played professionally.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Government
High speed Shinkansen or Bullet trains are a common form of transportation in Japan.
Sumo fighters give a circle around the referee in the opening ceremony.
  1. "National Flag and National Anthem". Retrieved January 29, 2017.  
  2. "Explore Japan National Flag and National Anthem". Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  3. "National Symbols". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  4. "History of Tokyo". Retrieved January 29, 2017.  
  5. 5.05.1 (in Japanese). Legislative Bureau of the House of Councillors. Retrieved January 19, 2009. 
  6. "Japan Languages". Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  7. ↑Cite error: Invalid tag; no text was provided for refs named .
  8. ↑Cite error: Invalid tag; no text was provided for refs named .
  9. ↑According to legend, Japan was founded on this date by Emperor Jimmu, the country's first Emperor.
  10. "Facts about Japan, General Information". Retrieved January 29, 2017. 
  11. "最新結果一覧 政府統計の総合窓口 GL08020101". Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved April 27, 2016. 
  12. 12.012.112.212.3"World Economic Outlook Database, April 2017 – Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund (IMF). Retrieved April 21, 2016. 
  13. "World Factbook: Gini Index". CIA. Retrieved May 11, 2011. 
  14. "2016 Human Development Report"(PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2017. 
  15. 15.015.115.215.315.415.5"Japan". CIA World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  16. 16.016.1"Early Japan (until 710)". japan-guide.com. Retrieved 2009-06-16. 
  17. "Perry & Opening of Japan". history.navy.mil. 2009 [last update]. Retrieved December 1, 2011. 
  18. ↑Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Geography" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 242.
  19. ↑Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  20. ↑Nussbaum, "Sports" at pp. 905-907.

Japan is the country I’ve been dreaming of to visit. The things that attract me are there culture is very different and there are lots of things for me experience. What kind of cultural interest is Japan? The Japanese language will be a useful tool for the United States people. What is Japans attitude towards the United States? Why would Japan be important to us in the future? What kind of government is Japan? How is Japan education different from the States? What is Japan place is the History? What kind of Jobs they have in Japan? What is there to do for fun at day or night? What are the types of food they have at Japan? How is the weather like in Japan?

The two type of religion is Japan is Shinto and Buddhism. Shinto is and ancient native religion of Japan. Japanese people still practice in a form of modified by the influence of Buddhism and Confucianism. The term Shinto, is a term that is created to distinguish the indigenous relation from Buddhism, the same as the Japanese kami-no-michi, “the way of the gods” or “the way of those above.” Kami means “above” or “superior,” this is the name used to designate a great host of supernatural beings or deities. Buddhism is a religion and philosophy founded in India in c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha. There are 300 million Buddhists world wide. This is one of the world great religions; it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinyana in Sri Lanka and South-East Asia, and the Mahayana in China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan. The third school, is the Vajrayana, has a long tradition in Tibet and Japan. Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except the many refugees from the Tibet region of China and small number converts from the lower castes of Hinduism. But there are a small amount of people who are Christians.

The Japanese language is known around the United States, but would it be a useful tool if we (United States citizens) know it? Yes, it would a great tool for us to know this language. Japan we do lots of business with, and in order for us to do business we need to know how to communicate to them. If you are to travel there how are you suppose to tell them how you want your food? This language is mostly usage for business; we do lots of trading with Japan. Knowing Japanese is a great tool for us to know.

Japan’s current attitude towards the United States is that they like the United States. When President Bush came in as president, he talked to Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori and the new president and between Foreign Minister Yohei Kono and Secretary of State Colin Powell; in the view of Japan alliance should it strengthen with the United States. Minister Kono later came and visited the United States to talk with Colin Powell. They built up a good personal relationship, talking about views on bilateral relations, and foreign situations, and effort in regard to global issues. On February 10, Japan’s time, a U.S. nuclear powered submarine collided into a fisheries training vessel. Japan was angered at the U.S. for that mistake and U.S. apologized. From that day on they are trying to strengthen there trading, ideas, and relations.

Japan with their knowledge in technology, and resources, they are very important to the U.S. Japan technology is very futuristic; with the U.S. knowledge and Japan we would be able to make some crazy technologies. Japan they like everything neat and clean, like there technology. Japan recourses are: fishes, rice, sugar beets, vegetable, fruits, pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs. Japan is the world’s largest and technologically advanced producers of mother vehicles, electronics equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods. This would be a great help with the trading business with Japan.

Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government. Japan government is based on a constitutional of 1947. It was drafted by the Allied occupation authorities, and it was approved by the Japanese diet. The emperor is the “symbol of the state” but sovereignty rest with the people. Hirohito was the emperor from 1926 till he died in 1989; he was then succeeded by his son, Akihito. The diet has sole legislative power. It is composed of the House of Representatives, with 500 members elected for a four year term, with 300 representatives chosen by single-seat constituencies and the rest proportionally; and the house of councilors, with 252 members with a six year term. With 18 members with executive power and headed by the prim minister, who is elected by the diet and is usually the leader of the majority part of that body. Japan is divided into 47 prefectures; each of them is governed by a popularly elected governor and unicameral legislature. The cities, towns, and villages, elect there own mayors and assemblies.

Education is a big deal in the Japanese culture. The Japanese parents are very strict about getting good grades. The parents are always pressuring you to do well, so you would be able to have a high paying job. School usually starts in the morning till night (8am-6pm). The students would always have to take off their shoes and a sign of respect of the building. The teachers are strict to the students, for that they are trying to help the student to grown up strong, and be disciplined. Japanese student don’t really have time to watch T.V. They are mostly studying; they probably spend 6 hours a week watching T.V. After school they would attend there after school activities like sports, or maybe an even a study group. Going to school is a very big deal for the Japanese.

On December 7, 1941 Japan had attack Pearl Harbor. A report indicated that 2400 people we killed and 1300 we wounded. For that reason the U.S. had entered World War II. The reason why Japanese attack Pearl Harbor was that the U.S. Navy ships were positioned at. They were trying to paralyze from helping in the war. All they did was anger the U.S. The U.S. has a reason to join the war now. On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the City of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay was the plane Colonel Tibbetts used to do this mission. After the dropping the bomb the U.S. had this war in its hand.

The kinds of job positions they have at Japan is similar to here in the U.S. There are lots of fisher men in Japan, since they have lots of fish resources. Since there is lots of sushi bars there are chief who are needed. There is fast food over there so they would need workers to get the customers there food. There are lots of white collar jobs. There are all kinds of business in Japan, for Car Company, T.V. Company, etc. There is lots of opportunity in Japan for jobs, as long as you have the requirements you are hired. Japan unemployment rate is 4.9%, compared to U.S 5% (2002).
Japan has lots of things to do during the day and night. During the day there are parks and amusement parks you can go to. There are lots malls and stores you can go to. There are Japanese gardens you can go check out, and looking the beautiful scenery. There is a Disney land at Japan that you can take your family and have some fun. The teens they would go out and hang out at arcades. At night is mostly for the older people. You can go to bars, clubs, strip clubs, etc. There are lots of people out at night walking around, checking out the scenes. There is lot of things to do, so you will always have plans if you do go out at night.

Japanese people mostly like to each sushi. Rice is what they eat with everything. Eating fish cook or raw they like to eat fish. They also have traditional dishes. Noodles with what ever you want in there. Oyakodon is one of their popular dishes, it comes with salmon eggs, chicken, and eggs. Tempura is another good dish; deep fried battered fish, shrimps, or vegetables. They also have fast food, the popular one is McDonalds. But out of all of this they mostly like to eat fish.

Japan area are mostly temperate and with for season, other then Hokkaido area and the subtropical Okinawa region. The winters are cool and sunny in the south, it is cold and sunny around Tokyo it sometime snow. It is very cold around Hokkaido; it is covered in snow for up to four months a year. Between June and September, it ranges from warm to very hot. In spring and autumn it’s generally mild throughout the country. Rain falls throughout the year but June and early July is the main rainy season. Hokkaido is much drier than the Tokyo area. Typhoons are likely to occur in September or October but rarely last more than a day.

Japan is a great country that I would love to live there someday. There are lots of great places I can check out and learn from. There are lots of activities I can enjoy during the day and night. The food at Japan looks good, and sound very good. Everything over there is an adventure.

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